The Vardhanas


After the decline of the Guptas dynasty north India again split up into several kingdoms. • The Hunas established their supremacy over Kashmir, Punjab and western India from about A.D. 500 onwards. • North and western India passed under the control of about half a dozen feudatories who parcelled out Gupta empire among themselves • … Continue reading The Vardhanas

Gupta Age Art and Culture


• The Gupta period witnessed a tremendous progress in the field of art, science and literature and on account of this it has been called “a golden age”. • A few scholars even call this period a period of renaissance, but it should be remembered that there was no dark period before the Gupta rule. … Continue reading Gupta Age Art and Culture

Post-Mauryan Culture and Art: Ancient History


Contribution of Sungas • The period saw a flowering of the visual arts, including small terracotta images, larger stone sculptures, and architectural monuments such as the chaitya hall at Bhaja, the stupa at Bharhut, and the renowned Great Stupa at Sanchi. • Under Shunga patronage, the core of the Great Stupa, thought to date from … Continue reading Post-Mauryan Culture and Art: Ancient History

Post-Mauryan India – Sungas, Satavahanas and Foreign Invasions from Northwest India


• With the downfall of the Mauryan Empire, the political disintegration of India set in and in second century BC the sub-continent divided into a number of political regions, each with its own ambition. • The northwest India slipped out of the control of the Mauryas and a series of foreign invasions affected this region. … Continue reading Post-Mauryan India – Sungas, Satavahanas and Foreign Invasions from Northwest India

Mauryan Empire, Mauryan Administration and Mauryan Economy


• The foundation of the Mauryan Empire opens a new era in the history of India and for the first time, the political unity was achieved in India. • The history writing has also become clear from this period due to accuracy in chronology and sources. Besides plenty of indigenous and foreign literary sources, a … Continue reading Mauryan Empire, Mauryan Administration and Mauryan Economy

Persian and Alexander


Persian Invastion Cyrus (558 – 530 B.C) • Cyrus the Great was the greatest conqueror of the Achaemenian Empire. • He was the first conqueror who led an expedition and entered into India. • He captured the Gandhara region. • All Indian tribes to the west of the Indus river submitted to him and paid … Continue reading Persian and Alexander