Important Personalities, Indian National Movement


MAHATMA GANDHI • Mahatma Gandhi was born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on October 2, 1869 at Porbandar, located in the present day state of Gujarat. • His father Karamchand Gandhi was the Diwan (Prime Minister) of Porbandar and mother Putlibai was a pious lady and under her tutelage Gandhi imbibed various principles of Hinduism at … Continue reading Important Personalities, Indian National Movement

Viceroys and Governor: Indian National Movement


GOVERNOR OF BENGAL (BEFORE 1773) Robert Clive (1754-1767) • Founder of the British Indian Empire, popularly known as “Clive of India”. • He was British administrator and military leader to start with, however his destiny brought him to India and he worked in various capacities for British East India Company. • He was Governor of … Continue reading Viceroys and Governor: Indian National Movement

Constitution and types, Constitutional development


What is a Constitution? • A constitution is a basic law of the land which establishes the relations between various organs of the government and also defines the nature and polity of that country. The polity defines the basic structure of law and the rights and obligations of both the state and the citizens. • … Continue reading Constitution and types, Constitutional development

Indian National Movement (1930-1945)


Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-1931) • On 12th March 1930, Gandhi began March to Dandi with his chosen 79 followers and broke the salt law at Dandi on 5 April 1930. • Following the conclusion of the Salt March to Dandi, Mahatma Gandhi chose a non-violent raid of the Dharasana Salt Works in Gujarat as the … Continue reading Indian National Movement (1930-1945)

Middle Phase of the Freedom Struggle (1915-1930)


• The decisive phase of the Nationalist Movement [1917-1947] began when Gandhiji returned to India from South Africa in January 1915. This phase is also known as the Gandhian Era. • During this period Mahatma Gandhi became the undisputed leader of the National Movement. • His principles of non-violence and Satyagraha were employed against the … Continue reading Middle Phase of the Freedom Struggle (1915-1930)

The Early Phase of the Freedom Struggle (1900-1915): Indian National Movement


Partition of Bengal • The partition of Bengal was done by Lord Curzon, on 16 October 1905, through a royal proclamation, reducing the old province of Bengal in size by creating East Bengal and Assam out of rest of Bengal. • The government said that it was done to stimulate growth in the eastern region. … Continue reading The Early Phase of the Freedom Struggle (1900-1915): Indian National Movement