Context- 3rd National Handloom Day celebrations in Guwahati
When – 7th August, Every year since 2015
- Previous NHD held at Chennai in 2015 and Varanasi in 2016
Why – The National Handloom Day is celebrated in India on August 7 to mark a 1905 movement that boycotted British products in favour of the revival of domestic ones.
Ministry – Union Minister of State, Textiles
Schemes availble for weavers are as follows-
- Hathkargha Samvardhan Sahayata Scheme under which Government of India assists the weaver by bearing 90% of the cost of new looms
- MUDRA scheme, under which loans ranging from Rs. 50,000/- to Rs. 10 lakh can be availed by the weavers, with no requirement for any security whatsoever
- Ministry of Textiles has entered into MoUs with Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) whereby children of weavers shall be able to avail school and university education, with 75% of fees being borne by the Government of India
- An MoU was signed on the occasion, between Ministry of Textiles and Common Service Centres, under which weavers will be able to avail a wide array of Government services under one roof – from Weavers’ Service Centres (WSCs).
- The WSCs will henceforth serve as a one-stop centre for weavers, providing various services, including banking, passport, insurance, PAN card, voter ID and AADHAAR.
- Weavers will also be able to pay their electricity bills and undertake online courses at WSCs
- Another MoU was signed on the occasion, between Ministry of Textiles and designers.
- Under the MoU, reputed textile designers will work closely with handloom weavers, passing on design assistance and knowledge. This is thereby expected to improve the market potential of the handloom products and improve the earnings of weavers.
Uniqueness (geographic dividend) of the weavers sector-
- more than 50% of total weaver population of India resides in North Eastern Region, most of whom are women
- Textile sector have potential to boost the economic wheel of the north eastern region which results in women empowerment as well.
- The Union Government had declared 7 August as the National Handloom Day in July 2015 with the objective to generate awareness about importance of India’s handloom industry.
- The date August 7 was chosen to commemorate the Swadeshi Movement which was launched on this date in 1905 in the Calcutta Town hall to protest against partition of Bengal by the British Government. The movement had aimed at reviving domestic products and production processes.
- The first National Handloom Day was inaugurated on 7 August 2015 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the Centenary Hall of Madras University in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. He also had unveiled ‘India Handloom’ brand.