The NDSAP is aimed at facilitating access to data and information that is owned by Government of India and in both human and machine readable forms. It aims to provide an enabling provision and platform for proactive and open access to the data generated by various Government of India entities.
The objective of this policy is to facilitate access to Government of India owned shareable data (along with its usage information) in machine readable form through a wide area network all over the country in a periodically updatable manner, within the framework of various related policies, acts and rules of Government of India, thereby permitting a wider accessibility and usage by public.
The National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy will apply to all data and information created, generated, collected and archived using public funds provided by Government of India directly or through authorized agencies by various Ministries/Departments/Organizations/Agencies and Autonomous bodies.
The policy envisages three types of access to data: open, registered and restricted. Access to data in the open category will be “easy, timely, user-friendly and web-based without any process of registration/authorization.” But data in the registered access category will be accessible “only through a prescribed process of registration/authorization by respective departments/organizations” and available to “recognized institutions/organizations/public users, through defined procedures.” Data categorized as restricted will be made available only “through and under authorization.”
The policy also provides for pricing, with the Ministries and Departments being asked to formulate their norms for data in the registered and restricted access categories within three months of the notification of the policy.
As per NDSAP, every Department has to identify datasets by the following categories:
• Negative List: The datasets, which are confidential in nature and would compromise to the county’s security if made public, are put into this list. The datasets which contain personal information are also included in this list.
• Open List: This list comprises of datasets which don’t fall under negative list. These datasets shall be prioritized into high value datasets and non-high values datasets.
The Department of Science and Technology is serving the nodal functions of coordination and monitoring of policy through close collaboration with all Central Ministries and the Department of Electronics and Information Technology by creating data.gov.in through National Informatics Centre (NIC).