Reading Room Day#08

Conventional GS

Current Affair

  • Development and making of constitution
  • Salient feature of Constitution
  • Preamble
  • Union Territory
  • Citizenship


SSC CGL 2017 free Mock 09

Staff Selection Commission (SSC) is one of the most challenging and competitive government recruitment test in our country. Now, It is an online test, which will be conducted on 1st August to 20th August this year. This year changes were introduced in the SSC exam i.e. time limit. In order to score well in this exam, Aspirants need to thoroughly practice mock tests based on the actual exam pattern.

These practical tips need to be kept in mind at the time of taking the Free SSC Mock Test papers:

  • The Free SSC Mock Test is to be solved in one go without any rest intervals. In order to get the maximum benefit, divide your attempt into three phases. In the first one, try to solve the easier questions because getting such questions right initially can boost your confidence. In the second round, try those questions, which are slightly tougher and so on.
  • You have to make sure that there is a balance between speed and accuracy.
  • You should develop a knack of selecting the questions correctly. Very difficult or time-consuming questions should not be attempted.

Always conduct a thorough analysis of your performance in the free mock test. It will help you discover your weak and strong areas, and help you score better in SSC.

Download Mock 08 Solution

Download Mock 09 paper

Download Today’s 22/07/2017 THE HINDU, Dainik Jagran and Jansatta Express PDF Newspaper

Download everyday free THE HINDU, Dainik Jagran  & Jansatta Express newspaper instantly just in single click.

Step to download free e-newspaper –

Step- I

  1. Simply Click on the below newspaper icon, you wish to read. woo you have done well, wait to download and read
  2. If you want to read previous day’s newspaper then download through our archive.

Click here to go archive of e-newspaper

the hindu

Dainik Jagran

Sentence rearrangement Test

Direction (1-5): Rearrange the following sentences in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph. Choose the most logical order of sentences and answer the following questions.

  1. (A) India, with several millennia of history, boasts of a diverse and rich built heritage.

(B)Even those structures considered to be of national/state or local importance in India and protected as such remain under threat from urban pressures, neglect, vandalism and, worse, demolition, only for the value of the land they stand upon.

(C)Yet, less than 15,000 monuments and heritage structures are legally protected in India—a fraction of the 600,000 protected in the UK.

(D)This poor state of preservation of a large part of our national heritage is a result of the inability of those entrusted with their care and management to unlock the economic potential of these sites and demonstrate that conservation efforts can lead to meeting development objectives in a more sustainable manner.

(E)Each region of our subcontinent boasts of monumental buildings and remarkable archaeology.


2.(A)The PSL will have 12 city-named teams, with nine players each.
(B)However, unlike cricket, football, badminton or even kabaddi, the card game remains on the fringes, still fighting perceptions that prevent it from being considered a mind sport—like chess —and keenly trying to break free of its associations with gambling.
(C)For 108 players—and many other stakeholders—May 2017 will be a significant “coming out of the shadows” month.
(D)The Poker Sports League (PSL), a first of its kind in India, will follow in the footsteps of many other sports in the country that have received a leg-up since a league brought them into the limelight and made them the subject of dinner-table conversations.
(E)The online qualifiers will end on 23 April on the gaming website, while the live qualifiers ended on Saturday.
(F)Besides a captain/mentor, a team will have two professional players, two members who get through the live qualifiers, two members who get through the online qualifiers and two wild card entries.


3. (A)The report of the expert committee formed to incorporate Telugu culture and history in the design of Amaravati, the planned capital city of Andhra Pradesh, is expected to be out soon.
(B)The Parakala Prabhakar-led committee aims to develop Amaravati into the best city of the century.
(C)This is not the first occasion when a grand new city is being built in India or elsewhere.
(D)From the Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT) in India to Songdo in South Korea, numerous masterplans are at different stages of completion.
(E)But there is a crucial policy question that often gets neglected: Is developing a new city necessarily a better option than expanding and improving existing cities?


4. (A)Their strategies mostly revolved around guiding one’s hard-earned income to appropriate savings destinations.
(B)Investors with the goal of providing good education to their children are advised to invest in a certain product while those with the aggressive goal of owing a luxury car are advised to invest in a different type of investment product.
(C)This was done by linking the future life goals of investors to a particular investment product.
(D)Over the years, governments, financial institutions and investment advisers have taken many initiatives to inculcate a saving habit among individuals.
(E)The financial services industry took learnings from behavioural sciences to motivate individuals to invest in various savings instruments.
(F)Financial products with varying levels of returns, liquidity, tax benefits, etc., have been developed to attract investments from individuals.


5. A)Over the same period employment in the organised, non-agricultural sector, defined to include all units with 10 or more workers if using power and 20 or more workers if not using power, rose from 28.8 million to 47.7 million, whereas employment in the unorganised sector rose from 185.4 million to 209.6 million.
(B)Even in 2011-12, as much as 86 per cent of workers in the private sector and 50 per cent in the public sector were in units that could be designated as unorganised based on employment size.
(C)In absolute terms there were more who joined the unorganised sector’s workforce than the number who entered the organised sector between the two years.
(D)That is organised sector employment stood at 6.3 per cent and 10.1 per cent respectively of total employment in 2004-05 and 2011-12.
(E)Between 2004-05 and 2011-12, total employment in the country rose from 457.9 million to 472.4 million.




  1. [The correct sequence to form a meaningful paragraph is AECBD. A must be the ᳄rst sentence as it talks about India’s diverse and rich built heritage. E should follow A as it explains further what is mentioned in sentence A. B-D makes a combination and D should be the concluding sentence of the paragraph.]
  2. [The correct sequence to form a meaningful paragraph is CDBAFE. The paragraph is about the Poker Sports League (PSL) and hence it can be easily connected with one another. C must be the first sentence as it gives the inside view of the next statement. D should follow C and B should follow D. A-F makes a combination as they define the rules of the game.]
  3. [The correct sequence to form a meaningful paragraph is ABCDE. A must be the first sentence as it talks about the planned capital city of Andhra Pradesh i.e. Amravati. B-C makes a combination and E must be the concluding sentence as it ends with the
    most obvious question.]
  4. [The correct sequence to form a meaningful paragraph is DAFECB. D must be the first sentence as it talks about the initiatives taken by financial institutions and financial advisers towards inculcating a saving habit. A must follow D and E-C makes a combination. B must be the concluding sentence.]
  5. [The correct sequence to form a meaningful paragraph is EADCB. The paragraph reveals the statistical figures of employment and unemployment in the country. A must follow E as it talks about the same period as mentioned in the sentence E. A-D makes a combination. Similarly, C-B makes another combination as both the sentences can be connected with the two sectors i.e. public and private, they are talking about.]


Types of lakes (Conventional General Study)


  • Lakes occupy the hollows of the land surface in which water accumulates & vary tremendously in size, shape, depth & mode of formation.
  • The tiny ones are no bigger than ponds or pools, but the large ones are so extensive that they merit the name of the seas e.g. Caspian Sea.
  • It must be noted that the lakes are only temporary feature of the earth crust & eventually be eliminated by draining & silting up.
  • Most of the lakes in the world are fresh water lakes fed by the rivers
  • But in regions where evaporation is greater than precipitation & only few streams filling up the lake, form saline water lakes such as Dead sea & Great Salt Lake of Utah.

Lakes formed by earth movement

Tectonic lakes

  • Due to warping, bending & fracturing of earth crust, tectonic depressions occur which give rise to lakes of immense sizes & depths
  • Examples Lake Titicaca (at Andes) – Highest lake of the world, Caspian Sea (Largest lake of the world & 5 times larger than its nearest rival i.e. lake superior)

Rift Valley Lakes

  • Due to faulting, a rift valley is formed by sinking of land between two parallel faults which is deep, narrow & elongated in character.
  • Water collect in these troughs & their floors are often below sea level
  • Eg. Lake Tanganyika (World’s deepest lake) & Dead Sea (World’s lowest lake)

Lakes formed by Glaciation

Cirque lakes / Tarns

  • A glacier on its way down the valley leaves behind circular hollows in the heads of the valleys up in the mountains known as corries or cirque
  • Their over deepened floors may be filled with water to form cirque lakes
  • Those that occupy long & deep glacial troughs down the valley are termed as Ribbon lakes

Kettle Lakes

  • They are basically depressions in the outwash plain left by the melting of masses of stagnant ice
  • They are irregular because of the uneven moraine surface & are never of any great size or depth

Rock Hollow Lakes

  • Formed by ice scouring when valley glaciers or ice sheets scoop out hollows on the rock surface (lakes enclosed within a rock hollow)
  • Such lakes are abundant in Finland (Land of lakes)

Lakes formed due to Moraine damming of Valleys

  • Valley glaciers often deposit moraine debris across a valley so that lakes are formed when water accumulates behind the barrier.
  • Both lateral & terminal moraines are capable of damming valleys.

Lakes formed due to deposition of glacial drifts

  • In glaciated lowlands with a predominant drumlin landscape, where drainage is poor
  • There are intervening depressions which are often waterlogged, forming small lakes

Lakes formed by volcanic activity

Crater & Caldera Lakes

  • During a volcanic explosion, top of the cone may be blown off, leaving behind a natural hollow called a crater, which may be enlarged by subsidence into a caldera
  • In dormant & extinct volcanoes, rain falls straight into the crater or caldera which has no superficial outlet & forms a crater or caldera lake

Lava Blocked Lakes

  • In volcanic regions a stream of lava may flow across a valley which may solidify
  • Solidifying of lava may dam the river, leading to the formation of lava blocked lakes.

Lakes formed due to subsidence of volcanic land surface

  • The crust of hollow lava flow may collapse
  • Subsidence leaves behind a wide & hollow depression in which a lake may form.

Lakes formed by Erosion

Karst lakes

  • The solvent action of rain water on limestone carves out solution hollow.
  • When these become clogged with debris, lakes may form in them.
  • The collapse of limestone roofs of underground caverns may result in the exposure of long, narrow lakes that were once underground.
  • The large depressions called Polje, which normally do not have any outlet, may contain lakes.

Wind deflated lakes

  • The deflating action of winds in deserts creates deep hollows which may reach water table via which water seeps out forming small shallow lakes.
  • Excessive evaporation causes these to become salt lakes or Playas.

Lakes formed by Deposition

Lakes formed due to river deposits

  • A river may shorten its course during a flood by cutting its meandering loops leaving behind a horseshoe shaped channel called ox – bow lake.

Lakes formed due to marine deposits

  • The action of wind & waves may isolate lagoons along the coasts, enclosed by narrow spit of land known as lagoon lakes.
  • Lagoonis a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands or reefs.
  • In East Germany & Poland lagoons are called Haffs.

Lakes formed due to landslides, screes & avalanches

  • Landslides or screes may block valleys so that rivers are dammed, leading to formation of temporary lakes.
  • Lakes formed by these processes are also known as barrier lakes.
  • Such lakes are short lived because the loose fragments that pile up across the valleys will soon rupture under pressure & will give way to water.
  • When they suddenly give way, the dammed water rushes down causing floods

Lakes formed by Human & Biological activities

Man-made lakes
  • Besides the natural lakes, man has created artificial lakes by erecting a concrete dam across a river valley
  • This is done so that the river water can be kept in check to form reservoirs.

Lakes made by animals

  • Animals like Beavers are particularly interesting.
  • They live in communities & construct dams across the rivers with timber, mud & soil.
  • Such Beaver dams are quite permanent & modify the natural environment in such a way that the overall ecosystem builds upon the change, making beavers a keystone species.

Other type of man-made lakes

  • Ornamental lakes Especially made to attract tourists
  • Lakes made by men mining activities
  • Inland fishing lakes to develop inland fish culture

Time and work (Basics Brush-up ) IBPS & SSC

Here we are presenting 10 problems on time and work whcih is the major portion of SSC and IBPS Exam.

So check your Prep level.

1. If 15 men or 24 women or 36 boys can do a piece of work in 12 days, working 8 h a day, how many men must be associated with 12 women and 6 boys to do another piece of work 2 ¼ times as great in 30 days working 6 h a day?

A. 4

B. 8

C. 6

D. 10

2. A, B and C can do a work in 8, 16, 24 days respectively. They all begin together. A continues to work till it is finished, C leaving off 2 days and B one day before its completion. In what time is work finished?

A. 5 days

B. 10 days

C. 15 days

D. 12 days

3. A and B can do a piece of work in 20 and 15 days respectively. They worked together for 6 days, after which B was replaced by C. If the work was finished in the next 4 days, then the number of days in which C alone could do the work will be

A. 60 days

B. 40 days

C. 35 days

D. 30 days

4. B can do a piece of work in 6 hours, B and C together can do it in 4 hours and A, B and C together in 2 2/3 hours. In how many hours can A and B together do the same piece of work?

A. 11 hour

B. 6 1/7 hour

C. 2  3/7  hour

D. 3  3/7 hour

5. P, Q, R are employed to do a work for Rs 5750. P and Q together finished 19/23 of work and Q and R together finished 8/23 of the work. Wage of Q, in rupees, is

A. 2850

B. 3750

C. 2750

D. 1000

6. A cistern has 3 pipes A, B and C. A and B can fill it in 3 and 4 hours respectively, and C can empty it in 1 hour. If the pipes are opened at 3 p.m., 4 p.m. and 5 p.m. respectively on the same day, the cistern will be empty at

A. 7 : 12 p.m.

B. 7 : 15 p.m.

C. 7 : 10 p.m.

D. 7 : 18 p.m.

7. If A works alone, he would take 4 days more to complete the job than if both A and B worked together. If B worked alone, he would take 16 days more to complete the job than if A and B work together. How many days would they take to complete the work if both of them worked together?

A. 10 days

B. 12 days

C. 6 days

D. 8 days

8. 250 men can finish a work in 20 days working 5 hours a day. To finish the work within 10 days working 10 hours a day, the minimum number of men required is

A. 310

B. 300

C. 250

D. 311

9. 2 men and 5 women can do a work in 12 days. 5 men and 2 women can do that work in 9 days. Only 3 women can finish the same work in

A. 36 days

B. 21 days

C. 30 days

D. 42 days.

10. Two pipes can separately fill a tank in 20 hours and 30 hours respectively. Both the pipes are opened to fill the tank but when tank is 1/3 full a leak develops in the tank through which 1/3 of the water supplied by both the pipes leak out. What is the total time taken to fill the tank?

A. 12 h

B. 16 h

C. 18 h

D. 15 h

Correct Answers

  1. Option B.

15M = 23W  = 36B

SO, M­­­­­­1 * D1 * T1 *W1  = M2 * D2 * T2 * W2

151289/4  =  ( 10+X)  *306  =  8


  1. Option A.

According to the question-  X/ 8  +  (X-1)/16  + (X-2)/24 = 1

X = 5 Days.

  1. Option B.

Work di-one by  A and B in 6 days = 6 × [ 1/20  +1/15] = 7/10

Remaining work  =  1- 7/10 = 3/10

If C is able to do  the work  in X days , then

4/20  +  4/X  = 3/10  = 40 days

  1. Option D.

Work done by A in 1 hr =  work done by  A and C in 1 hr  – work done by B and C in 1 hr =

3/8  –  ¼   = 1/8

So, work done by A and C in 1 hr = 1/8  +1/6  = 7/24

Hence,  A and B  complete a piece of work in  24/7  days.

  1. Option D.

Work done by  (P+Q+R) = 1 ………….(i)

Work done by  (P+Q) = 19/23 ………….(ii)

Work done by  (Q+R) = 8/23 ………….(iii)

FROM  (ii)  + (iii)  – (i)  =  Q = 19/23 +8/23  – 1 = 4/23

Work of Q = 4/23  ×5750  = 1000

  1. Option A.

Part  of the cistern  filled  in 2hr by pipe A =  2/3

Part  of the cistern  filled  in 1hr by pipe B =  ¼

Total part filled up =  2/3  + ¼  = 11/12

When all pipe open  together = 1/3 +1/4 – 1  = – 5/12

So, time take to empty  11/12 part  = 11/12  × 12/5  =11/5 hr =  2hr 12 min

Req. time  5 + 2:12 = 7:12 pm


  1. Option D.

According to the question = work by both  = √4×16  = √64 = 8 days

  1. Option C.

According to the question =  250 2050 =            M2 * 10*10  = M2  = 250

  1. Option A.

( 2M + 5 W ) ×  12 =  (5M +2W) × 9

2W = 1M

2M+5W = 9W =  9 × 12 = 3 ×D2 = 36 days.

  1. Option B.

P1   20                    9


P2   30                    6


Time take to fill 1/3 rd  tank  = 180 /3× 5 =  4 Hr

After,  this actual  work  done by  ( P1 +P2)  =  (15) –  1/3 (15)

Time taken  for  fill  remaining  tank = 180 – 60 /10           =  12 hr

Total time Req.  for fill the tank =  4+12 = 16 Hr

We believe you can perform well if you will have the right materials at the right time.

%d bloggers like this: